Karen McGrane

Interaction Design History Sources


Want to learn more about the history of interaction design? This is where I started:

Pre-computing History

Early interaction design, from the earliest systems for tabulating and managing information. Starts in the late 1800s with innovations in business information systems, punched card systems, and major wartime innovations in human factors. Ends with the development of the first computing systems during WWII.

Professional Computing, Mainframe, and Command Line History

The role of computing and information systems in professional contexts, including post-war developments in academic, scientific, and corporate environments. Covers early mainframe systems, programming languages, and command line interfaces, the invention of the transistor, as well as early research and theory into hypertext and other support for human cognition.

Personal Computing, GUI, and Internet History

The onset of personal computing, in the form of low-cost computing systems available to individual users. Focuses on the development of the graphical user interface and its impact on personal and professional use, with some review of more recent history, including the internet and mobility.

General Interaction Design History Resources

Resources related to the overall history of user-centered design, including the history of human factors, HCI, and interaction design disciplines.

General Computing History Resources

Resources related to the overall history of computing, including major university and corporate archives.